Space Dynamics Lab cameras will enable NASA missions to discover the universe reached by volcanic eruptions.

Space Dynamics Lab cameras will enable NASA missions to discover the universe reached by volcanic eruptions.

Press Release From: Space Dynamics Laboratory
Posted: Tuesday, June 14, 2022

North Logan, Utah, June 14, 2022 – In a recent study published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, researchers used data provided by NASA’s Ionospheric Connection Explorer satellite (ICON) earlier this year. The space is affected by the volcanic eruption. Utah State University’s Space Dynamics Laboratory has led NASA’s payload integration and testing activities by developing cameras on two major devices onboard ICON.

On January 15, 2022, a submarine volcano erupted 65 km north of Tonga Island on Tongatapu Island. Hungatonga-The eruption of Hungaha Apai volcano was heard from Australia to Alaska. According to NASA, shock waves from the blast traveled into the atmosphere at a rate of 300 meters per second, carrying huge eruptions of gas, water vapor, and dust. Along with data obtained from the Swarm satellite of the European Space Agency, ICON data helped scientists determine that the effects of volcanic eruptions caused winds up to 724 km / h and anomalous currents in the ionosphere. rice field.

The ionosphere is the Earth’s atmosphere at an altitude of about 80 to 1,000 kilometers, where space weather and Earth’s weather merge. Scientists have noticed that the effects of Earth’s weather affect space weather. Space weather anomalies can affect human space missions as well as satellites that provide critical applications for communications, banking, navigation, weather forecasting, and more.

The SDL development camera (MIGHTI) for global high-resolution thermosphere imaging for the Michelson interferometer onboard the ICON satellite is a neutral wind at an altitude of 90-300 kilometers obtained from remote observations of green and red airglow radiation. I provided the profile to the scientist.

“The ICON, launched in October 2019, will help scientists better understand how space weather interacts with phenomena on Earth, such as the Hungatonga-Hungahapai volcanic eruption,” SDL said. Alancer Goode, director of civilian and commercial space, said. “SDL is proud to have provided the technology to enable NASA’s ICON mission, helping scientists learn more about this relatively ununderstood region at the edge of our atmosphere. SDL’s enthusiastic employees are enthusiastic about their next atmospheric wave experiment, further enhancing their understanding of important phenomena that may affect their daily activities on Earth. “

In 2019, NASA will select SDL for equipment to further investigate how global phenomena affect space weather, such as volcanic eruptions, upward winds across mountains, and large-scale thunderstorms. I built it. NASA’s Atmospheric Wave Experiment (AWE), scheduled to be launched in 2023, is led by Michael J. Taylor, a professor of physics at USU. AWE will fly to the International Space Station to study atmospheric gravity waves in the Earth’s atmosphere, giving scientists a deeper understanding of the connections made through our atmosphere and by the climate system between the atmosphere and space. Help.

SDL also provides overall mission management, including project management, system engineering, safety and mission assurance, and AWE mission operations.

Since 1959, SDL has solved the technical challenges facing the military, scientific community, and industry, science, technology, and aeronautics to enhance knowledge, education, innovation, economic vitality, and stewardship. , And support NASA’s mission to drive advances in space exploration. Of earth. SDL is a laboratory headquartered in North Logan, Utah, with offices in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Colorado Springs, CO; Dayton, Ohio; Houston, Texas; Huntsville, Alabama; Los Angeles, California; Stafford, Virginia; and Washington, DC. For more information, please visit www.sdl.usu.edu.

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