Kennedy Space Center celebrates 60 years and learns from 60 years of lessons

Kennedy Space Center, Florida. – NASA began building a vast site in the swamps of Central Florida on Merritt Island in 1962, when Americans soared into the sky and walked on the moon.

Bob Sieg, a former Space Shuttle launch director and member of the Gemini and Apollo launch teams, was there from the beginning.

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Sieck saw Kennedy Space Central ascend across the Banana River. It was another time. Like a wartime effort, as Sieck said, the entire complex, Apollo’s lunar rockets and capsules, were built, trained, and launched into the moon. It was all 7 years.

The Artemis 1 lunar rocket (also known as the SLS) is 10 years old, and NASA reused the Space Shuttle hardware to build an existing space, a cave building built for Saturn. It is assembled in the shuttle assembly building (VAB). V moon rocket.

“But this is a different environment than the one we live in today in the 1960s,” says Sieck. “In the 1960s, we were a more risk-accepting society. We were doing everything for the first time, so systems that provide money and budget can make things go wrong, make mistakes, and accidents. And I was tolerant of what happened, and whatever it took to recover from it, I would continue to do business. It’s like a continuous war campaign to get to the moon. It was. Whatever you needed to support resources, money, or what was there, all you had to do was ask for it. And something went wrong. When it’s, well, we’re doing things for the first time, so we’re still going to support you. “


Jeremy Graeber, Assistant Launch Director for the Artemis I mission, said Artemis is not a new mission, but an advancement in the mission.

“Now, we’re going to take what we’ve learned from Apollo, Shuttle, and the International Space Station and move this into the Artemis mission,” Graber said.

NASA is learning from the Kennedy Space Center’s 60-year lessons. The latest lesson is to learn how to fully fuel Artemis after the first wet dress rehearsal countdown test is completed early.

Engineers rolled the SLS back to VAB to quickly diagnose and repair leaks and valve failures.

Will Graber complete his second wet dress rehearsal attempt, which is scheduled to begin this Saturday?

“I think we’re in really great shape. The team working on the issues identified in the first wet dry dress rehearsal did a great job,” Graber said.

Graber said he will launch Artemis 1 this year after a successful second wet dress rehearsal. According to NASA, the next man and the first woman will land on the moon in subsequent Artemis missions.


Nathan Gelino, a senior researcher and one of several talented engineers who invented and patented what looks like a science fiction at KSC’s Swampworks facility, is now using a 3D printer. We are working on the creation of a lunar soil (regolith) composite material that protects astronauts from radiation.

“We are 3D printing a protective shelter that astronauts can receive in the event of a particle event or other radiation exposure hazard,” says Gelino. “For the whole idea of ​​bringing a sustainable being to the moon.”

Greg Clements, Head of Exploration Systems and Development Office at KSC, described the complexity and complexity of scientific facts. It is to protect the human body and live in space for a long time on the surface of another world. This is the challenge NASA is currently facing.

“I started my career in 1985. I was planning to go to Mars 20 years later,” Clements said. “So we were 20 years away from the manned Mars mission and everyone was excited about it. So now, 37 years later, the latest forecast is 18 years away from the manned Mars mission. Not close, and many of the reasons are that there are still very important technical challenges, fields, propulsion, radiation, and new technologies and features needed to live from the land to realize that vision. “


From 2000 to the end of the program, Space Shuttle launch director Mike Reinbach said that’s why it makes sense to try to learn to live on the Moon first.

“The next logical step is the base of the moon. Let’s go learn how to live on the moon. NASA is responsible for that,” Rheinbach said. “Going to Mars before we learn to live on the moon is wrong in my opinion, it’s infinitely difficult, so you need to get the experience of living on the moon first, so NASA will do that. I am responsible. “

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